Black Oak Tree

Black Oak Tree

The Black Oak

The Black Oak is more commonly known as the California Black Oak and is sometimes referred to as Kellogg Oak. This oak belongs to the family of red oak and is native to western North America. It is closely related to the same species found in Eastern and Central North America.

This tree is deciduous and generally grows to be anywhere from 9 to 25 meters high with a diameter of about 1.4 meters. Larger trees actually can be 36 meters high and 1.6 meters in diameter. If the tree grows in a poor site it will form a cleaning in place.

Black Oaks grow in open space and they have a broad rounded crown, and their lower branches will bow low enough to touch the ground. If growing in closed stands, the crown is thin and narrow, while the trees are young and then be somewhat irregular wide once they age.

Appearance

Trunks of Black Oaks are generally branched and often in older trees tend to die off and be hollow. The younger trees have very thin, smooth bark growing moderately thick, laminated and deeply fissured with age.

This oak can grow one or more vertical roots that penetrate through the substrate using the spread of lateral roots that appear in the vertical. There are also plenty of shallow roots.

The acorns of these trees coming are very large for the species. The leaves are deeply lobed. These trees can live for at least five hundred years.

Flowering and fruiting

This species of oak is monoecious, so that the flowers and catkins develop and emerge before or nearly simultaneously with the leaves in April or May. The fruit is an acorn-shaped and occurs either alone or in groups of two to five years. Matures in two years. The acorns are brown when ripe and tend to be mature in August or late October depending on where the tree is located.

Ecology

The Black Oak is most critical to many forms of wildlife. In the grasslands and forests California oaks are the most important food source for wildlife, while also providing shelter. These trees take up more of the surface total in California than any other hardwood species. Livestock also use the black oak for their food and cover during the summer months.

The Black-tailed deer and western gray squirrel get almost fifty percent of its winter and fall diets of acorns of black oak trees. These acorns are so important as the size of the harvest, the survival rates of offspring may increase or decrease.

Uses

Acorns given by this oak is better than the other species when it comes to making acorn flour. The wood of this oak is used to make furniture, pallets, cabinets, and high quality wood and wood industrial. It can also be used as fuel. This kind of black oak makes twenty-nine percent of the sources of hardwood in California, and most sawn timber is timber.

Fun Live Oak Tree Facts

Fun Live Oak Tree Facts

The south comes to mind when one thinks about live oak trees. These classically beautiful trees with Spanish moss draped along streets with historic antebellum homes are unforgettable. Live oaks grow across the Southeastern United States.

They are found on the east coast from southeastern Virginia to Florida and west to southern and central Texas. The live oak tree grows predominantly in sandy soils of low coastal areas but it also grows in dry sandy or moist rich woods. It has a resistance to salty soil and salt spray from the ocean and does well on barrier islands.

Live oak is monoecious. This means that they have separate male and female reproductive units on the same plant. They produce flowers every spring from March through May and the acorns mature in September and fall off by December. Live oak acorns are long, dark brown to black and tapered. They are sweet and very popular with birds, squirrels and other animals. If the acorns fall on moist, warm ground, they will germinate soon after falling.

Live oaks do not get very tall, rarely above 50 feet but the crown or canopy of the tree can have a span of 150 feet. It is a very popular shade tree because of this. The wood of the live oak is very hard and strong and was used years ago for shipbuilding among other various wood making ventures. The wood is not used as widely today as it used to be because it is predominantly a shade and ornamental tree.

Live oaks have a tendency to grow in large, dense groups with interconnected roots systems, this is why you see them sprawling so closely to each other down many small town main streets across the south.

If you are ever in the south near historic Charleston South Carolina, you will be surrounded by history. Once you have soaked up the architectural beauty and rich history of the city, head to nearby John’s Island to see the oldest living thing east of the Rockies. Known as the Angel Oak, the live oak tree that has its own park is estimated to be 1,500 years old, pre-dating Columbus by 1,000 years!

Tucked into a wooded area the Angel Oak tree will simply astound you. Its quiet majesty shades the tiny park it dominates; it will be quite a while before you forget the 160-foot span of Angel Oak’s massive branches. Her circumference is a whopping 25 feet, and she covers 17,000 square feet of ground.

For more facts about the history of Live oaks and general informative information stayed tuned in. For now, I will say see you later, I have a picnic lunch date under a grand, old, shady friend; a live oak tree.

5 Tips For Live Oak Tree Care

5 Tips For Live Oak Tree Care

Oak trees are an iconic and significant symbol throughout history. They represent strength and timelessness. These trees are some of the most magnificent found here on earth. There are even over three hundred varieties of these majestic forest giants throughout the world. Oaks like all living things need to be taken care of. They need five key helpers to keep them thriving day in and day out.

First is fertilizing. In natural or undisturbed conditions, a mature oak tree does not need to be fertilized; however, in a case where planting, up rooting, or nearby ground disturbance has occurred, it is important to administer some fertilizer to the base of the tree. This will help the oak get more comfortable with its new surroundings quicker.

Fertilizer is also necessary for unhealthy trees that may require extra nutrients to survive. Fertilizing an oak will balance the phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen nutrients in which are needed to grow greener richer foliage. Ensuring your tree with enough nutrients to help with the foliage growth will increase the capacity to capture sunlight and produce food and energy.

Soil cover is the second helper to an oak trees survival. In order to avoid erosion or root damage, it is important to maintain a few inches of soil cover over the roots of the tree. This soil cover should extend about six foot from the tree trunk and should not cover the trunk. You do not want the roots to become girdled and wrap around the trunk.

Irrigation is our third helper. Generally, mature oak trees do not require much irrigation, and supplemental watering can create a ripe environment for disease causing pathogens. However, if the tree has been uprooted or transplanted, or even just a little guy, some extra precautions might be good and will help your live oaks thrive.

Pruning is our fourth helping task. While mature oaks do not require any pruning all trees require the occasional dead branch or twigs cleaned off. It is very important to prune younger less mature oaks so that their branches can grow to be strong and the canopies/ foliage can spread to form a grander, wider range of shade. Pruning of the oak tree should really only be done during the dryer seasonal months of the year such as June and July. In addition, do not over prune.

Last but certainly not least is love. Loving your oak tree is the biggest and best help care tip I can give. Oak trees like most need TLC, tender loving care. They will thrive best when cared for properly.

In conclusion, when thinking of adding or simply trying to revitalize an oak, please consider these five simple helpful tips. Enjoy your oaks, and with over 300 varieties there’s bound to be one out there just for you. Me personally, I love the Southern Live Oak tree, and I know my Live Oak tree loves me back.

Experiencing the Live Oak Tree

Experiencing the Live Oak Tree

Each time I walk beneath the magnificent branches of Live Oak trees I feel as if I am being transported back to another time and place. This oak is considered to be a symbol of southern strength. Many oaks you see lining older southern streets are hundreds of years old.

I am often in awe that such huge magnificent trees are able to stand firmly in such sandy loose Florida soil. They have these huge trunks and gnarly outstretched limbs that look as though they could almost reach out and grab you. Each Live Oak tree is usually draped with lovely Spanish moss that sways gently in the breeze, giving these trees a touch of eeriness.

Fairchild Oak TreeThe oldest Live Oak tree in Florida (pictured here) is thought to be in Ormond Beach, and is located in Bulow Creek State Park. This oak is called the “Fairchild Oak” and is thought to be over 400 years old. The oak has been a silent witness to human activities along Bulow Creek. According to the park this includes the destruction of the nearby Bulow Plantation during the second Seminole War in 1836.

The Live Oak is also one of the best trees to survive hurricane winds. These oaks have been called the most wind-tolerant shade tree in all of Florida. Within three months after Hurricane Charley made landfall in Florida, the Live Oak trees near the coast started re-growing leaves. The Live Oak is also the top shade tree to survive Hurricane Camille, one of the strongest hurricanes to ever hit the United States.

Did you know there is even a “Live Oak Society” for these amazing trees? The Live Oak Society was founded in 1934 by Dr. Edwin Lewis Stephens, the first president of Southwestern Louisiana Institute (now the University of Louisiana in Lafayette). The Society promotes the culture, distribution, preservation and appreciation of the live oak tree, scientifically known as Quercus virginiana.

According to the Live Oak Society the “Seven Sisters Oak”, formerly known as “Doby’s Seven Sisters” is thought to be the oldest Live Oak tree alive. The owner who first named the tree was Carole Hendry Doby, who was one of seven sisters. The “Seven Sisters Oak” is located in the Lewisburg area of Mandeville, Louisiana on the shore of Lake Pontchartrain. Estimated by foresters to be 1200 years old, this tree has a girth of over 38 feet. This oak is also the National Champion on the National Register of Big Trees.

Am I Missing A Southern Live Oak Tree?

Am I Missing A Southern Live Oak Tree?

Spring is here, it is time to play, I think I will go out and tend to my garden today. Recently I relocated my family to a new home, a pretty home but not much to look at outside. When the weather started to get warmer I thought to myself about what I could do to make the view out my front windows more appealing to the eye. I started a garden walk along the front, graced it with as many flowering shrubs plants and ornaments as I could to get the look I was longing for. However, something was still missing.

I took the time, I planted and weeded and made my garden look good but it just was not enough. My garden still needed that wow factor. I needed the last piece of the puzzle to make it complete. Then as if some huge bell had dinged,” I got it, I need a tree.” However, not just any tree, a glorious tree! A tree that will not just look great all year round, but a tree that will stand the tests of time.

I searched high and low for the tree in my dreams, the tree that would make my garden complete. The tree I found that was perfect was a beautiful cathedral, southern live oak tree. The southern live oak tree speaks volumes when in a garden or lavish landscape. It says “Hello, look at me, I will make your garden complete.” These live oaks give off a sense of elegance, strength, and longevity wherever they can be seen, which makes it perfect for me. I usually see these towering wonders along the back roads between my new home and our little town covering the roads with there friendly canopies.

Once I had decided that the southern live oak was for me there was no stopping me. I looked and looked for a nursery with live oak trees for sale perfectly suited for me. I happened upon Southern Pride Tree Farm. The name of the nursery sells itself. There they had the most gorgeous 12ft cathedral live oak trees I had ever seen. Their potential for growth and beauty oozed out of them. I chose my tree and soon after had her planted deep with in the earth settled in the center of my garden.

This simple yet majestic southern live oak tree transformed my garden in one fell swoop. Now I can look out my front windows and know that to me, my garden is as perfect as it can be.

Live Oak Trees Commemorate Special Events And Guests

Live Oak Trees Commemorate Special Events And Guests

According to the Sea Island Company (seaisland.com), planting live oak trees has become a meaningful way for visitors to commemorate special events as well as mark the visit of honored guests to Sea Island ever since the visit of President Calvin Coolidge in 1928. The live oak has been claimed as the state tree of Georgia, and is considered a symbol of majesty and strength. The following documents those famous visits:

President Calvin Coolidge – December 1928

President Calvin Coolidge planted the first commemorative oak during the Christmas holidays shortly after “The Cloister” opened its doors. President and Mrs. Coolidge were visiting Sea Island Company founder Howard Coffin at his home on Sapelo Island.

President Dwight Eisenhower – May 1946

This oak was planted after President Eisenhower was elected, in honor of the visit he and Mrs. Eisenhower made to Sea Island in 1946.

Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard – April 1952

Queen Juliana and her husband Prince Bernhard spent Easter weekend on Sea Island and added an oak to the grounds. During their visit, the royal couple was attending as honored guests at an oyster roast hosted by Mr. and Mrs. Alfred W. Jones, Sr., at Altama Plantation.

President Gerald Ford – December 9, 1979

After his term of office, President Ford planted a commemorative oak while visiting as a guest of honor at a meeting and golf tournament at Sea Island.

President Jimmy Carter – July 28, 1981

President Carter assembled his first cabinet at The Cloister shortly after being elected in 1976. Accompanied by Mrs. Carter, he returned to plant an oak in July 1981.

Eugene O’Neill – May 12, 1988

A live oak was planted by Connecticut College, New London, Conn., to commemorate the playwright’s 100th birthday. O’Neill, who spent his youth in New London, lived on Sea Island from 1931 to 1936 in the cottage he and his wife, Carlotta Monterey, built and named Casa Genotta. O’Neill wrote his only comedy, “Ah, Wilderness!” on Sea Island; with it, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1936.

President George H.W. Bush – September 29, 1991

President Bush planted a commemorative oak while he and Mrs. Bush were vacationing in 1991 at “The Cloister”, site of their 1945 honeymoon. They also visited in January 1995, to celebrate their 50th wedding anniversary. During that visit, President Bush played the opening round at Ocean Forest Golf Club. The former president returned in August 2001 to open the 38th Walker Cup Match at Ocean Forest.

Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher – April 1994

The former British prime minister has been called the most enthusiastic planter at Sea Island. Most honorees sprinkle a ceremonial shovel full of dirt; Mrs. Thatcher went around the tree shoveling the dirt, despite the fact she wore a pink suit. Her security guard was heard to say that Mrs. Thatcher would have packed down the dirt had she been wearing her gardening shoes.

President George W. Bush – June 7, 2004

President Bush hosted the G8 Summit, the most significant annual gathering of the eight leaders of the free world, on Sea Island from June 8-10, 2004. In the tradition of his father, he planted a commemorative oak close to his father’s.

Prime Minister Tony Blair – June 11, 2004

The British Prime Minister and his wife planted a commemorative oak during their visit for the G8 Summit.

The Sea Island Summit First Ladies – November 16, 2004

The Sea Island Gardening Group planted an oak to commemorate the visit to Sea Island by five of the First Ladies whose husbands participated in the G8 Summit. Those Ladies included Laura Bush of the United States, Cherie Blair of the United Kingdom, Bernadette Chirac of France, Sheila Martin of Canada, and Ludmilla Putin of the Russian Federation.

Additional live oaks on the grounds of The Cloister honor Georgia founder James Oglethorpe, the 50th anniversary of The Cloister, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred W. Jones, Sr., and the Sea Island Employees in celebration of the 2000 Millennium. It is exciting to see the many ways live oak trees are used to mark momentous occasions, and this is just one example. These famous live oaks will be alive many generations from the day they were planted since some trees live hundreds of years or more.

Live Oak Trees

The oak is considered one of the most important and impressive trees worldwide. In total, there are over 300 varieties of these majestic giants of the forest.

Some oak species include the Royal Oak and Quercus Robur (Common Oak), which are very popular in Britain. Another species of oak called Charter Oak is very prominent in the states (USA). Among the rarest is the Cork Oak, and is respectively called because it’s used mostly for the finest wine bottle stoppers. The aforementioned British Quercus Robur is the one most often used in landscape architecture around a ranch house.

Most oak trees take hundreds of years to reach maturity. In fact, a tree in Windsor is more than 800 years old. This tree was planted during the reign of King John, and has lived at least 35 queen monarch. This tree has lived more than most men, even men of ancient times.

The oak remains a symbol of spiritual significance and serves as a valuable product for the creation of durable tangible goods. For example, the Bible uses oak, referring at least 23 times. Moreover, Romans, Greeks, Celts, Slavs and Teutonic groups put on a pedestal oak, more than any other tree.

The oak is also mentioned in many ballads, such as the largest oak in Sherwood Forest, which was also associated with Robin Hood. This is a real tree is still standing after a while quite long, and measures 20 meters (64 feet) wide. The Major Oak is a tree that has reached maturity.

Oak has also been used on British coins. The sixpence, which is one of the earliest coins of Great Britain, has an oak tree engraved on it, and the shilling, so does.

The reason why the oak tree is a very revered is because it is one of the major forests of the world. In fact, it was found that the oak has five times the shear strength of pine wild. That is the reason that is used to make coffins for burial of important people, like Edward the Confessor located in a sanctuary in Westminster Abbey.

Those who like to learn about the history of why certain names came to read about the history of the Royal Oak. In summary, the Royal Oak is so named because King Charles II hid in an oak tree after he was defeated by Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester in 1651. He lived in exile for at least ten years before returning to the kingdom. His birthday became a self-proclaimed holiday, called Royal Oak Day and needless to say that the Royal Oak was named after him.

Another brief moment in the history related to the oak includes the history of the ship, Mary Rose. The history of this ship of oak is not as happy as an ending as the history of the name of the Royal Oak. However, it is very important in many respects.

On July 19, 1545 the Mary Rose sank in the water as the army of King Henry VIII tried to cross from Spithead fight invaders of France. The entire boat sits a short form of Lord Nelson’s flagship HMS Victory in Portsmouth Naval Arsenal.

Again, the problem with the Mary Rose was not the wood that was used to create it, but rather the way it was built. Oak has been an option for many glasses of water made in the past, and the Mary Rose just happened to be an unfortunate case where the ship is not to protect passengers. Usually people have made it safe through the waters on board a ship.

In general, oak wood is a very strong and robust, and represents many things, including the concept of longevity and wisdom. This is a tree that is the test of time.